History of Hong Kong
Hong Kong is a vibrant city and a major gateway to China. It lies in Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China. It is one of the most densely populated area in the world. Its climate is subtropical monsoon, cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring to summer, warm and sunny in fall. As a nation they are called Chinese or Hong Konger.
Most ethnic groups who lives in Hong Kong are Chinese, Filipino, Indonesian and among others. Their religion are eclectic mixture of local religions about 90% and 10% are Christian. Their official language is Cantonese, English, Putonghua (Mandarin) and other Chinese dialects.
Hong Kong has a free market economy, dependent on international trade and finance.
Their currency is Hong Kong Dollar (HKD).
Island groups of Hong Kong
|Hong Kong Map - Click for larger view|
Hong Kong's top ten attractions are Avenue of Stars, The Peak, Ocean Park Hong Kong, Hong Kong Disneyland, Ladies' Market, Temple Street Night Market, Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre (and Golden Bauhinia Square), Tsim Sha Tsui Promenade, Sik Sik Yuen Wong Tai Sin Temple and Clock Tower...
Here you will find everything you need to know about hotels in Hong Kong. We have huge selections of hotels with fantastic deals and savings available all over the world. Relax in the Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens Located on upper Albert Road . This public area is one of the best ones to escape the bustle of Hong Kong wandering around these tranquil gardens and its menagerie are one of Hong Kong's best kept 'relaxation' secrets.
Charter your own junk Information is available from the Hong Kong Tourist Association. Give them a call as this simply has to be the best way to view Hong Kong and the surrounding area. The tranquility out on the water is so different from the noise and activity from the land locked city. Climb The Peak ( MTR: Central) From the Star Ferry (Hong Kong side), walk to the left and queue up for the free bus ride to the tram station at Garden Road. From MTR Central Station, exit at Chater Garden and walk towards the Hilton to Garden Road then walk along Garden Road. You have to take an incline car to the top of the peak or you can walk on the fairly flat road which rings the top of the mountain. The view of Kowloon and Hong Kong is fantastic. Tip: The return trip from the Peak Tram Station in Central to the Star Ferry is free with a receipt from the Peak Tram. All hotels with spacious accommodations for families, couples and business travelers that offers all the comforts of home.
- Aberdeen - is an area and town on the Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of the Southern District.
- Admiralty - is the eastern extension of central business district on the Hong Kong Island of Hong Kong.
- Castle Peak - is notorious for its severe loss of vegetation and weathering of its Granite surface.
- Causeway Bay - located on the Hong Kong Island, and covering parts of Wan Chai and Eastern districts.
- Central, Hong Kong Island - is the central business district of Hong Kong. It is located in Central and Western District.
- Chek Lap Kok Airport - was an island in the western waters of Hong Kong.
- Cheung Chau - is a small island 10 km southwest of Hong Kong Island, is nicknamed as the 'dumbbell island' for its shape.
- Happy Valley - is an upper-income residential area in Hong Kong, located in the Hong Kong Island from Hong Kong.
- Ho Man Tin - is a mostly residential area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, part of the Kowloon City District.
- Hunghom - is an area of Kowloon, in Hong Kong, administratively part of the Kowloon City District.
- Jordan - is an area in the Yau Tsim Mong District of Hong Kong.
- Kowloon City - is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is located in the city of Kowloon.
- Kowloon Tong - is an area in Hong Kong. It is located in Kowloon West.
- Kwun Tong - is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is located in Kowloon.
- Lamma Island - is the third largest island in Hong Kong. Administratively.
- Lantau - is part of the Islands District of Hong Kong.
- Mid Level - is an expensive and prestigious residential area in Central and Western District.
- Mongkok - is an area in the Yau Tsim Mong District on Kowloon West.
- North point - is a mixed-use urban area in the Eastern District of Hong Kong.
- Pok Fu Lam - is a residential area on Hong Kong Island, at the western end of the Southern District.
- Prince Edward - is an area in northern Kowloon, Hong Kong.
- Sai Ying Pun - is an area in Western District, in the northwestern part of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong.
- San Po Kong - is an area in New Kowloon in Hong Kong. South of Wong Tai Sin and Diamond Hill.
- Shatin - is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. As one of the 9 districts located in the New Territories.
- Sheung Wan - is an area in Hong Kong, located in the north-west of Hong Kong Island, between Central and Sai Ying Pun.
- Tai Kok Tsui - is an area west of Mong Kok in Kowloon, Hong Kong. The mixed land use of industrial and residential is present in the old area.
- Taikoo Shing - is a private residential development in Quarry Bay, Hong Kong Island.
- Tin shui wai - is an area of Hong Kong, located in Yuen Long District, in the northwestern part of the New Territories.
- To Kwa Wan - is a bay and an area of the eastern shore of Hong Kong's Kowloon peninsula.
- Tsimshatsui - is an urban area in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong. The area is administratively part of the Yau Tsim Mong District.
- Tsimshatsui east - is a piece of land reclaimed from the Hung Hom Bay now east of Tsim Sha Tsui.
- Tsingyi - is an island in the urban area of Hong Kong, to the northwest of Hong Kong Island and south of Tsuen Wan.
- Tsuen Wan - is a bay in the New Territories area of Hong Kong, opposite to Tsing Yi Island across Rambler Channel.
- Tsueng Kwan - is a bay in Sai Kung District, New Territories, Hong Kong.
- Tuen Mun - is a city near the mouth of Tuen Mun River and Castle Peak Bay in the New Territories, Hong Kong.
- Tungchung - meaning 'eastern stream', is an area situated on the north-western coast of Lantau Island in Hong Kong.
- Wanchai - is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District on the northern shore of Hong Kong Island.
- West Kowloon - is a part of Kowloon, Hong Kong situated within the Yau Tsim Mong District.
- Western district - located on northern part of Hong Kong Island is one of the 18 administrative.
- Wong Chuk Hang - is an industrial and residential town to the east of Aberdeen and to the north of Nam Long Shan and to the west of Shouson Hill.
- Yaumatei - also known as Waterloo, is an area in the Yau Tsim Mong District in the south of the Kowloon Peninsula in Hong Kong.
It may seem a laughable idea, but culture does exist in Hong Kong. The city's reputation as a brashly philistine capitalist paradise has not exactly enlarged its footprint on the international cultural scene, but it should be remembered that this is Greater China's film and media powerhouse, and one area where Chinese arts and culture have flourished without political and ideological intereference. For instance, the traditional Chinese opera at the China Club never had to struggle with all the Maoist impositions that afflicted it in the mainland. (It is very hard to get an entrée here, but it is worth trying, just to admire the display of modern Chinese art.)
Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra (tel: 27 21 20 30) are the town ensemble, and their frequent showings at corporate galas at least bankroll a full all-year programme. They are backed up by the Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra (tel: 28 53 26 22). Visiting orchestras of all standards tour through Hong Kong frequently. The Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra is resident at the Hong Kong Cultural Centre , 10 Salisbury Road (tel: 27 34 20 09), from September to July. Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts , 1 Gloucester Road (tel: 25 84 85 00), also hosts frequent concerts.
Hong Kong Academy of Performing Arts , 1 Gloucester Road (tel: 25 84 85 00), the Hong Kong Cultural Centre , 10 Salisbury Road (tel: 27 34 20 09), and the Hong Kong Arts Centre (tel: 25 82 02 00), are shrines of high culture. The Fringe Club , Star Alliance Theatre (tel: 25 21 72 51) gets many of the more wacky acts.
Hong Kong's classical ballet troupe is the Hong Kong Ballet (tel: 25 73 73 98), and preferred venues include the Hong Kong Cultural Centre and the Ko Shan Theatre . The Hong Kong Dance Company (tel: 29 67 82 53) has a traditional Chinese repertoire, while the City Contemporary Dance Company (tel: 23 26 85 97) is the more modern dance ensemble.
Jackie Chan and Bruce Lee are still the much imitated icons of the local film industry, but production has diversified recently into more reflective fare. Meanwhile, John Woo and Chow Yun-Fat propelled the Cantonese ganster genre into A Better Tomorrow (1986). The UA and Golden Harvest cinema chains are Hong Kong's major commercial screening venues. Their principal multiplexes include UA Pacific Place , 1 Pacific Place, 88 Queensway, Admiralty (tel: 28 69 03 22), UA Times Square , Times Square, Causeway Bay (tel: 25 06 28 22), Golden Gatewayb Multiplex , The Gateway, 25 Canton Road, Tsimshatsui (tel: 29 56 34 28). Arts films are mostly screened at the Lim Por Yen Film Theatre in the Hong Kong Arts Centre , Upper Basement, 2 Harbour Road, Wan Chai (tel: 25 82 02 00).
Hong Kong has not left a deep impression on global literature: perhaps for too long in its history it lacked the allure of neighbouring Shanghai, and the recent economic dynamism has yet to find a literary expression. There is a rich tradition of Cantonese literature, but this also has not made much of an impact in translation. Some of the best works on Hong Kong are histories or travel writing rather than pure fiction. Probably the best of the histories is Frank Welsh's A Borrowed Place: A History of Hong Kong (1997). Jan Morris Hong Kong - Epilogue to an Empire (1997) is a typically lyrical summary of the territory's character in the twilight of colonialism, recently updated to cover the latest developments. Mark Roberti's The Fall of Hong Kong: China's Triumph and Britain's Betrayal (1996) is an understandably angry survey of events before, during and after the 1997 handover.
Hong Kong has a subtropical climate with varying degrees in temperature. Below is a generic guide to Hong Kong's various seasons that will aid you as to what clothes you'll require on a visit to this fascinating island and its surrounding jurisdictions.
(March - mid-May):rainy and cool ; Temperature and humidity rising. Jackets or sweaters suggested. Average temperature: 23Â°C (73Â°F), humidity around 82%, sea temperature, 22.3Â° C (72Â° F).
(late May - mid-September): Hot and humid. Temperature may rise to 33Â°C (91 Â°F) with humidity up to around 90%. . Shirtsleeves, cotton clothing, a sweater for indoors and an umbrella for outside suggested Average temperature: 28Â°C (82Â°F), humidity 80%, sea temperature 28Â°C (82Â°F).
(late September - early December): cool and dry ; temperature and humidity drop. Clear sunny days. Shirtsleeves to sweaters and light jackets suggested. Average temperature: 23Â°C (73Â°F), humidity 72%, sea temperature 17Â°C (63Â°F).
(late December- February): Cool with low humidity. Suits, light woollens and sometimes overcoats suggested. Average temperature: 17Â°C (62Â°F), humidity 72%, sea temperature 17Â°C (63Â°F).
Typhoon season normally begins in June and ends in September. There are at least two or three typhoons that hit Hong Kong or at least affect the weather of the territory. The Royal Observatory of Hong Kong is responsible for informing the mass media when a typhoon alert is hoisted. A number 1 signal means there is a typhoon which has a possibility of heading towards the general direction of Hong Kong. A number 3 signal says that a typhoon is less than 1000 km away and heading towards the general direction of Hong Kong. Some ferry services may be suspended. A number 8 signal says that the typhoon is hitting Hong Kong. At this point, all businesses close and many public transit services are suspended, including all ferry services, many bus and tram routes, and the overhead sections of the MTR. If you happen to be in Hong Kong when the number 8 signal is hoisted, stay indoors! Signal numbers 9 and 10 mean a monster hurricane is hitting Hong Kong. Fortunately, signals 9 and 10 have not been put up in many years.
Hong Kong Public Holidays
|New Year’s Day||January 01|
|Lunar New Year's Day||January 31|
|The second day of Lunar New Year||February 1|
|The third day of Lunar New Year||February 2|
|The fourth day of Lunar New Year||February 3|
|Ching Ming Festival||April 5|
|Good Friday||April 18|
|The day following Good Friday||April 19|
|Easter Sunday||April 20|
|Easter Monday||April 21|
|Labour Day||May 1|
|The Buddha's Birthday||May 6|
|Tuen Ng Festival||June 2|
|Hong Kong SAR Establishment Day||July 1|
|The day following Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival||September 9|
|National Day||October 1|
|Chung Yeung Festival||October 2|
|Christmas Day||December 25|
|The first weekday after Christmas Day||December 26|
As the day falls on another general holiday, the day following will be designated as an additional holiday. As the day falls on Sunday, the second weekday after Christmas Day will be designated as an additional general holiday.
There is no nationwide advisory in effect for Hong Kong, exercise normal security precautions.