The Republic of Lebanon is a small country located within the Middle East region. Lebanon has a long coastline on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and shares a long land border with its much larger neighbor Syria to the north and the east, a much shorter border with Israel to the south. The capital and the largest city in Lebanon is Beirut. The official language of Lebanon is Standard Arabic and the native language Lebanese Arabic. While English is the first foreign language.
This country is a mountainous country and between the two mountain ranges of Jebel Lubnan (Mount Lebanon), Mount Hermon and the Anti-Lebanon range lies the fertile Bekaa Valley. Approximately half of the country lies at an altitude of over 900m (3000ft). Into this small country is packed such a variety of scenery that there are few places to equal it in beauty and choice. The famous cedar trees grow high in the mountains, while the lower slopes bear grapes, apricots, plums, peaches, figs, olives and barley, often on terraces painstakingly cut out from the mountainsides. On the coastal plain, citrus fruit, bananas and vegetables are cultivated, with radishes and beans grown in tiny patches.